The beautiful city of Prague is situated along the Vltava River in central Bohemia. Prague is the largest city and also the capital of the Czech Republic. The foundation of Prague dates back to the Paleolithic Age. The city was founded by Princess Libu’e and Premysl, her husband and founder of the Premysl Dynasty. This city became the seat of Kings of Bohemia and an important place for trading. Prague has a number of nicknames, such as City of a Hundred Spires, The Golden City, The Left Bank of the Nineties, The Mother of Cities, and The Heart of Europe.
Prague is connected to many important world cities by several direct flights that are not too costly. Ruzyn is its international airport and is located in the west of Prague. Prague is also connected by rail and has two international train stations. Eurocity trains connect Prague to Berlin, Vienna, and Budapest. Tourists can also use the bus to reach Prague which has highway connections from all directions. Accommodations are available to suit most budgets.
Prague has turned into a popular tourist destination after the fall of the Iron Curtain. Since Prague was one of the few European cities comparatively untouched during the World Wars, most of its historic architecture has been preserved. Tourists flock to visit its ancient buildings and murals. A varied collection of architectural forms from Art Nouveau to Baroque, Renaissance, Cubist, Gothic, Neo-Classical, and ultra-modern can be seen.
Tourists can visit all the places of interest by taking walking tours, bus tours, or boat tours. A number of companies offer interesting walking tours of Prague. Some walking tours may have themes such as ghosts, Kafka, and legends. A two hour boat tour on the Vltava River takes tourists past the Prague Castle District and Lesser Town. The Prague by Night tour is three hours long and tourists can enjoy onboard dining and cruising. It is followed by a one-hour coach trip to Prague’s most beautiful squares. Nightlife in Prague is quite active and entertaining.
Spring is the best time to visit Prague when temperatures are 8-14°C/46-57°F. April and beginning of May are also conducive when the temperatures reach 15-25°C/59-77°F.
Since 1992, historic centers of Prague have been included in the UNESCO list of heritage structures.